Construction Job Cost Accounting
Construction job cost accounting is the basis for monitoring costs of construction project during the building phases to ensure cost overruns to not occur. Construction job cost accounting can be an in-depth, complex process as it requires a complete overview of all costs related to a project.
Construction job cost accounting is normally handled by an estimator or accountant assigned by a general contractor to a specific project. No two estimates are the same, as requirements differ from one project to another.
During the traditional bid process, construction job cost accounting covers the amount it would cost a general contractor to build a project, pay its employees and make a small percentage of profit. The estimate covers the cost of items like concrete for the foundation, cables for electrical wiring, flooring, plumbing, carpentry and HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning). In this case, construction job cost accounting does not cover the cost of building or project design, as an architect has been hired by the property owner through a separate contract process.
In the design-build process, construction job cost accounting is more involved. In this process, an architect and general contractor combine as a team and present a building or project design and construction contractor services in one proposal. The design-build process is used by those who believe an architect-contactor team with a past history of working together would be more efficient and, as a result, cheaper than an architect and contractor working together for the first time.
Construction job cost accounting done as part of a construction manager at-risk (CM at-risk) project falls in between the two. The architect is hired separately from the general contractor, but the contractor is involved in the project from the pre-construction process all the way through completion. The estimate comes in the form of a guaranteed maximum price, which covers all services rendered from pre-construction through the building process.
Construction job cost accounting is now largely done by computer programs, which are able to complete the process more quickly and efficiently than a human accountant operating alone. There are a number of programs that can break down cost estimates into subsections, as well as delivering the overall total price.
Oil Job Search
Oil is one of the most precious materials that mankind has searched for. There are three categories of oil: mineral oil, organic oil and synthetic oil. The mineral oil is found in underground rocks as it is produced from mineral materials such as dead organisms like animals, plants or ...