Construction Time Management
Construction time management is an element of the construction budgeting process where the project management team determines the amount of time devoted to each segment of the project. Construction time management determines the amount of man hours and employees needed to reach completion. More commonly used and written out by hand before the introduction of computers and the internet, construction estimate forms are now largely filled out on a computer.
Construction time management plays a major role in developing the cost estimates for projects of varying construction methods. The traditional method is to use the design/bid/build approach, where an architect or engineer oversees the project. They handle the design, produce construction drawings, oversee bids and contracts and the building process itself. The links between the architect, the client and the main contractor are direct. The contractor can win a project through the lowest blind bid or through the construction manager at-risk method, where the contractor guarantees to deliver the project within a guaranteed maximum price. Instead of simply serving as construction manager, the contractor also serves as a consultant to the owner during the design and development processes.
The design-build method has been increasing in popularity over the past decade. In design-build, the owner doesn't hire an architect to design the project, then seeks bids from a contractor. In this case, the owner solicits bids from a architect/contractor teams, who develop their own designs and include complete design and construction costs in their bids. This is different from the traditional process, where the architect completes the design before the contractors put in their bids.
In the management procurement method, the owner holds the greatest amount of control. Instead of hiring an architect to handle the project in construction, or hiring a consortium, the owner oversees every part of the process. They hire the architect, the construction manager and, in many cases, the subcontractors. Proponents of this method believe it speeds up the procurement process and increases flexibility throughout the building process.
Oil And Gas Employers
There are thousands of oil and gas organizations worldwide engaged in drilling and refining crude oil and natural gas. Most of the world's major employers in the oil and gas producing industry are mentioned below, with a prominence on North American companies. It is advisable to go through the...