Design Construction Services
Design construction services are a major element of the building process. Without a proper design, no project can truly get off the ground.
When it comes to design construction services, it is important to understand the role of the architect, computer modeler or other kind of designer has before any actual construction takes place. For centuries, design construction services began on paper, with the creation of drawings, to a certain scale, of the project that was to be built. In the 20th century, those drawings became blueprints; more recently, the first steps of design construction services can be found on computer screens, as three-dimensional modeling has becoming used more and more often.
In past centuries, the first steps of design construction services were handled by one or two architects, who laid out the basics for, in most cases, relatively simple structures. Now, it is more likely a design team is assembled to lay out the plan for the project. The design team usually includes architects, interior designers, surveyors, civil engineers, cost analysts, and many different kinds of engineers, including mechanical, electrical and structural engineers. Since this is an elementary step in the design construction services process, the design team is typically organized and paid for by the property owner. Once the design team has finished its work, it then puts the project out for bid for general contractors. In most cases, the lowest bidder is awarded the construction contract.
The way design construction services contracts are awarded is beginning to change, however, with the emergence of the design-build process. Instead of making the construction design services contracts two different steps, many property owners are now looking to find an architect-builder team that will take care of all the steps themselves. Instead of relying on a design team to handle the first step of design construction services, the owner opens the entire process up for bids, awaiting each architect-builder team's design and cost estimate. Supporters of design-build believe that the process will simplify design construction services, and the architect and general contractor have already established a working relationship with each other and know how one another operates. This rapport, supporters say, will likely lead to a faster turnaround time and a more cost-effective final product.
Oil And Gas Employers
There are thousands of oil and gas organizations worldwide engaged in drilling and refining crude oil and natural gas. Most of the world's major employers in the oil and gas producing industry are mentioned below, with a prominence on North American companies. It is advisable to go through the...