Refining

    American Refining Group

    The United States of America's domestic oil industry came to exist 100 years ago in McKean Country. Closely related to the birthplace of native oil industry, American Refining Group originated within 131-acre land in Bradford, PA. It refines Grade Crude obtained from Pennsylvania, New York, West Virginia and Ohio producing 10,000 barrels per day. The American Refining Group produces a vast range of products including fine waxes, lubricants, gasoline, fuels and many others. Its up-to-date technologies blend and package the finest products that are delivered by rail and truck in bulk in many sizes of packages. American Refining Group has...

    Asphalt Refining

    Asphalt is a black, sticky, and very viscous semi-solid or liquid form present in many crude petroleums and also in some natural deposits, commonly referred to as asphaltum. Asphalt refining mostly starts with the separation of crude oil into different fractions available through the process of distillation. Once separation is complete, the fractions are further refined into various other products including kerosene, paraffin, asphalt, gasoline, diesel oil, and naphtha. Because asphalt is the heaviest constituent of crude petroleum, it doesn't boil off or evaporate during this process of distillation. The asphalt refining process begins once crude petroleum is piped into...

    Bauxite Refining

    Just like coal, bauxite is a sedimentary rock; it isn't a mineral but a rock that contains minerals. It is an aluminum ore mostly formed in weathered volcanic rocks. Bauxite is more of a rock and not a mineral because its contents are determined by the location where it is extracted. Bauxite is mostly mined through an open pit mining where the water is removed completely from the ore extracted. This results into aluminum oxide, otherwise known as alumina. The common uses of bauxite include chemicals, cement, soda cans, face makeup, siding for most houses, dishwashers, and numerous other aluminum...

    Bp Refining

    BP Plc., the fourth largest refiner of the world and the largest corporation in the United Kingdom, has the most sophisticated technologies and equipment enabling it to output higher production than other refiners. It supplies customers with fuel for transportation, energies for heating purposes, lighting, retail markets and other petrochemical products for day-to-day tasks. The working force of BP is approximately 92,000. It is operating in 29 countries and has 22,660 service stations throughout the world. At the end of 2008, it earned $361 billion from sales and other operating services. The shareholders of BP earn more than 1.2 million interests...

    Calcasieu Refining

    On the Calcasieu Ship Channel, just near Lake Charles in Louisiana, and at the heart and soul of the Gulf Coast refining and petrochemical area lies Calcasieu Refining. This strategic location, combined with up-to-date refining facilities, good financial standing, technical know-how and experienced management leadership is what has given Calcasieu refining that definitive advantage to stay on top of the modern day dynamic business environment. The main refinery products in Calcasieu Refining include diesel, kerosene, Jet-A fuel, and atmospheric residuals. Calcasieu refining at the moment boasts of an operating capacity of over 32,000 barrels in a day, but the company...

    Cascade Refining

    Cascade refining refers to the production of starch-rich wheat flour in an environmental friendly manner. The process involves complementary efforts from the seed milling industry, the paper millers as well as the wheat flour modifiers. Considering the degree of damage that increased industrial activity has propagated in the last few decades, the rampant use of wood as a source of paper may prove so costly if we were to look at the impact of deforestation on our environment. How does it work? As forest reserves run out rapidly fast, the need to get alternative sustainable sources to sustain our paper demand is...

    Catalyst Refining

    A catalyst is a chemical substance that speeds up any chemical reaction, of course being relevant to it in its chemical composure. Many chemical processes used in today's industries require long interminable processes, therefore catalyst would provide additional acceleration so that products are produced at a faster rate, which allows companies to sell faster and reach higher in the business industry market. The main catalyst contained ammonium metatungstate. The common reactions in which catalysts are used are polymerization, oxidation, hydrogenation, and hydroxylation. Let us look at some common applications of catalysts and the main types of catalysts used today. The most...

    Condensate Refining

    The need for condensate refining capacity for both petrochemical and splitter pre-treatment units is on the increase. A condensate is one of the two groups making up natural gas liquids. Initially, the condensate trade was a specialty commercial affair, but today it has shifted to the mainstream of refining and base petrochemicals. Refining on the other hand is the process of making a substance, in this case, the natural gas, pure. A condensate splitter is a distillation tower that allows the light materials to move to the top of the tower while the heavy ones to remain at the bottom....

    Copper Refining

    Copper is a metal used widely to produce electrical wiring and many similar products. Crude copper is initially impure and black. This metal is obtained by employing a pryometallurgical system. Subsequently, it is refined using a method similar to petroleum refining, as crude copper is not suitable to use in its original form. When crude copper is used in its original form, it lacks the ability of high electrical conductivity, which is, the main purpose of refining copper. To use copper properly, crude copper should be purified to the level of 99.7 percent. The crude copper refining methods first...

    Crude Oil Refinery

    Crude oil is found in the earth's crust and is a black liquid existing in different consistencies at different locations. This liquid has a variety of hydrocarbons mixed in it, and each of them can be converted into a very valuable product. Crude oil by itself cannot be used for anything but after it is processed in a crude oil refinery, the hydrocarbons are separated and we get products like diesel, petrol, Liquid Petroleum Gas, kerosene, heating oil, and a host of other petroleum products which are indispensable in daily use. The crude oil refinery is a factory which separates...

    Electrolytic Refining

    In today's world, most items are intensely compromised of metals. Let us try to imagine a world where metals did not exist. I don't know about you, but it is far too difficult for me to imagine. Things like cars, elevators, lamps, coins, bridges, trains, and so on forth would not exist. Our technological advancing opportunities would indeed be extremely limited. Every day, every thing you use contains some sort of metal. All this metal, where does it come from? There are many methods of extracting metal, but all of them are quite detailed and time consuming. Altogether, this act...

    Ergon Refining

    Ergon refining is a company that operates refineries in the States of Mississippi, Arkansas, as well as West Virginia. The company, dating back to 1978, and headquarted in Mississippi, is famous for its production of non fuel products such as electric insulating oils, base oils, naphthenic process, diesel fuel and asphalt. Ergon refining has brought a new meaning to oil refinery companies, it is well known for being the leading naphthenic producer as well as being an experienced paraffinic specialty oils as well as products. Ergon refining is strategically located near the Mississippi river, hence the access to crude oil...

    Garfield Refining

    Garfield refining, dating back to 1892, is the country's leading, and arguably the world's leading refiners of precious metal scrap, boasting of over 500,000 clients nationwide. Garfield buys Gold, Karat Gold, Platinum, Silver, Palladium, Crown and Bridge, Fine Gold and Silver, Sterling Silver, Gold Plated/Ss Watchbands, Polishings, Clippings, Grindings, Au & Ag Solder, Filings, Inlays, Silver Alloy Castings, Clasps and Bench Sweeps and in return sell gold and silver bullion. Once Garfield buys any precious metal scrap or gold from you, you should expect a very quick turn-around-time, and actually releases the payments within 24 hours of receiving your gold...

    Gasoline Refining

    By refining crude oil/petroleum, gasoline is produced. Primarily, gasoline is a fusion of hydrocarbons that contain of hydrogen and carbon molecules. Hydrocarbon is in crude oil in various lengths of chains. They comprise with long and short chains of hydrocarbon and when the crude oil is refined, the refining process influences many petroleum products to be produced. Gas, the smallest of the chains has one to five carbons, needs low temperature to boil while gasoline that has six to ten carbons boils next. The oil that has highest density level with 25 carbon molecules reaches the boiling point when the...

    Gold Refining Equipment

    Gold has been prospected and mined since ancient times as it is one of the most precious metals and has been used as currency and as the main item for barter. Gold has been regarded as wealth in almost all the cultures and its value has been determined by its purity. Gold occurs in veins and the ore is mined and then has to be processed with gold refining equipment to get different levels of purity. The gold in the ore is mixed with silver, quartz and other sulfide minerals. With gold refining equipment you can remove these substances and...

    How To Refine Gold

    Gold being a good conductor of electricity is often used in intricate parts of computers and other electronic equipment. More so as it is non corrosive as well and as such is a preferred material. You will find gold scraps in numerous things around you. The older electronics will have more gold in them than the newer ones as with the advancement of technology this precious material is sparingly used now. If you are planning to do it your self you will need a few things which will include some tools, safety equipment and chemicals. Needless to say you...

    How To Refine Silver

    Silver can actually be found as scrap from many sources and just needs to be purified. Scrap silver will have different levels of impurity as it is mixed with different metals or contaminants which have to be removed. If you know how to refine silver you can take advantage of these sources and extract a good quantity for yourself. The best part is that silver can be refined using chemicals which are commonly found in a household. Using such substances will also give a purity of 99% or more, which is what is commercially accepted. Refining silver involves dissolving the...

    Hunt Refining

    The petroleum refining industry is organized into many sectors such as: exploration of raw materials, production of crude oil and natural gas, transport, refining, marketing and distribution. The process it's rather complicated and takes effort and precision. Thus the crude oil id divided into liquefied petroleum, naphtha, kerosene, diesel oil and waste. All the refineries use special processes for cooling the systems such as huge volumes of water, taking precautions not to pollute the environment by releasing the waste water. It's also imperative not to loose any wastes from the storage tanks or transfer networks. This could be made by using...

    Hydrocarbon Refining

    Hydrocarbon Refining is congruent term for oil refining. What takes place in an oil refinery is the action of splitting the chemicals of crude oil and separating them. Once separated, they must be put together to form various useful versions of oil that we use on a daily basis. In order to do any sort of oil refining, a major source of hydrocarbon molecules will be required, and thankfully, hydrocarbons have always been cheap on the market due to its extensive use. In order to have a good sense of the hydrocarbon refining process let us take a look at...

    Iron Ore Refining

    Iron is a metal which cannot be found naturally in a pure form on earth. It always occurs as a mineral having different content of iron atoms. These minerals are magnetite, siderite, limonite and hematite. The highest concentration of iron atoms in an ore is known to be 70% and there are ores with much less. The iron atoms are mixed with oxygen atoms and silicates in an iron ore and hence iron ore refining is required to separate these bonds, so that pure iron can be produced. Iron ore refining process uses heat and another substance, so that the...

    Iron Refining

    As a definition the iron ore is a rock that has in its own composition a quantity of iron which can be extracted through a special process. The ores come in different colours ranging from dark grey to red. These minerals include hematite, magnetite, limonite, and siderite. It is a known fact that iron can't be found in the nature in its pure form, iron ores containing only up to 70% of iron atoms. To exploit the iron, most mines use different resources. They depend on rails in order to move the raw materials. After the ore is brought...

    Lead Refining

    Lead is a soft but quite dense low-melting metal that only comes second to gold when talking of the density. Lead is what forms a large constituent of batteries, with the battery industry using up about 75% of lead. It is because of it's density that it is effectively used as a barrier against X-rays and also in sound barriers. Additionally, lead is very durable, no wonder it is usually added to paints and used as roofing material. Because of its high resistant to corrosion caused by water, lead plays a very crucial part in the plumbing industry. Lead is...

    List Of Oil Refineries

    In USA alone, about 144 oil refineries exist. They are situated in various states and operated with ultra modern equipment. ExxonMobil refining & Supply Co., the largest refinery in America, has five branches and they are located in Texas, Louisiana, Illinois, California and Montana. The two branches in Texas are situated in Baytown and Texas City. These branches produce 1028290 barrels per day while the branch in Louisiana produces 429,500 barrels per day. The Branch in Illinois, Joliet produces 238,600 barrels per day while the branch in California, Torrance produces 149,500 barrels per day. The branch in Montana, Billings produces...

    Metal Refining

    Metallurgy (Metal refining) is the process of purifying an impure material into a pure one. This process is very different from smelting and calcining because it does not involve a core chemical change of the raw material. In metallurgy, the final material is always chemically identical to the original material; it is just in a purer form. There are many different techniques used to doing metallurgy like pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods. Pyrometalluary is when metallurgical ores and/or minerals are treated to a thermal heat to bring out a physical or chemical concentrated transformation. By putting materials through a pyrometallurgical treatment,...

    New Zealand Refining

    There is only one oil refinery in New Zealand, which is run by the New Zealand Refining Company. The oil refinery is called Marsden Point Oil Refinery and is situated in Marsden Point, Whangarei, Northland, New Zealand. This oil refinery came into being as a result of the growing demand for petrol as well as petroleum related products. The Nash Labor government began exploring the possibility of building an oil refinery in New Zealand. The location at Marsden Point was ideal for such an oil refinery because it is found next to a deep water port, it has a large...

    Nickel Refining

    Nickel is primarily produced from two dissimilar ores. They are sulfidic and lateritic. Sulfidic ores are generally found with copper-fertilized ores underground. The Lateritic ores typically exists in hot climatic areas. The process of lateritic building happens with time, in which, the natural cycle of extracting and depositing ore layers at varied levels under ground constantly exists. Lateric ores are taken out employing massive earthmovers and subsequently, the unnecessary boulders are removed from them. When sulfidic ores are processed for gaining nickel, flash smelting is widely used. Nevertheless, electrical smelting is also used for highly complex raw materials whenever its...

    Oil Refinery Process

    When oil is extracted from the ground it is in a crude form and hence its called crude oil. This crude oil can be made into different usable products like petrol, kerosene, diesel, petroleum gas, and so on, by oil refinery process. This process takes place in an oil refinery which is a sprawling complex of industrial standard and has a labyrinth of pipes and massive chambers. Crude oil has a lot of different types of hydrocarbons mixed in it and the oil refinery process separates these hydrocarbons as they are useful in making different products and fuels. Oil refinery...

    Oil Refining Industry

    Oil refining industries are of great importance to all countries that produce oil. Over the many years that they have been in existence, the oil refining industries all around the world have seen several ups and downs. For two decades, around the 1970s to 1990s, a significant amount of cash was invested in this industry, but the market demand was quite low, mainly as a result of the Asian Financial Crisis and the oil shocks that occurred from 1973-4 and 1979-80. This resulted in an excess of refining capacity for global oil refining industries. Today, the scenario is quite different when...

    Palladium Refining

    Palladium is a metal element that has very prominent characteristics. The characteristics of palladium are; metallic, white, steel, ductile and soft. It is most commonly found merging chemically with elements such as copper ores nickel, gold and platinum. Palladium has the ability to imbibe copious amounts of hydrogen. Very common applications of palladium are seen in; jewellery, dental and surgical equipment, electronics and chemical catalyst reactions. Palladium is an extremely resourceful chemical element and is quite consistently used by man industries from day to day items to large steel like items in factories and windmills. Let us take a look...

    Petrochemical Refining

    Petro refers to non-renewable oil that is drilled or extracted from the earth. Chemicals on the other hand are man-made products as a result of molecular and atomic changes. Thus, petro-chemical is a chemical made from natural gas, oil, or any fossilized hydrocarbon. They can also be described as chemical products made using petroleum raw materials. Note however that some chemical compounds derived from petroleum can also be derived from other things such as natural gas or coal, although petroleum is the main source. Refining, otherwise known as affining is the process of making pure a substance or a form....

    Petroleum Refinery Company

    A barrel of crude oil always contains a mixture of several different hydrocarbons in it, and all these hydrocarbons are extremely useful to industries in one way or another, but they cannot be used in an impure form. A petroleum refinery company separates petroleum into these useful substances through different processes and steps. The oldest method of separating petroleum was to use the differences in boiling temperature of these substances to our advantage. This is called fractional distillation, and involves heating up petroleum, letting each component vaporize once it reaches its boiling temperature, and then letting that particular component condense...

    Petroleum Refinery Process

    Petroleum consists of a complicated mixture of organic liquids that are referred to as crude oil and natural gas. Both of these substances occur naturally within the earth and first formed millions of years ago. The crude oil found in different oil fields varies in composition and color. Some have a pale yellow color and are not too thick while others can be completely black in color and can be as thick as treacle in consistency. Petroleum is extracted from the earth, under the oceans or on land. This is usually done by means of an oil well and the...

    Precious Metals Refining

    The most valuable of precious metals are gold and silver while platinum and palladium follow silver. Gold and silver are taken for industrial use as well as artistic crafts, jewelry and coins. Other than these metals, precious metals include ruthenium, rhodium, osmium and iridium. These metals are widely used for chemical catalysts since last two decades. The separations of precious metals from other non-corrosives such as used electronic assemblies, alloys, and ores is called metal refining. Many international companies are in the metal refining trade. Precious metal refining is done by a heating process called pyrolysis or hydrolysis....

    Premcor Refining Group

    Premcor Refining Group was established in 1932, and was known at that time as Clark Oil Refining Corporation. This privately owned company has now grown to be the fifth largest privately owned oil refining companies in the United States. Premcor at present operates four refineries at Port Arthur in Texas, Lima in Ohio, Delaware city in Delaware and Memphis in Tennessee. Premcor Refining Group started off as a gasoline refining and marketing business when the founder Emory T. Clark invested in a series of gas stations, and sold its products through them. The business flourished, and thousands of Clark Oil...

    Refined Butane

    Just like how, gasoline is a byproduct element of crude black oil; refined butane is a gaseous element of natural gas. You can produce butane from crude oil. However, however, it only comes out in small quantities. Butane's Chemical Formula is C4H10. For those who are chemistry-clueless that simply means that in a molecule of butane, there needs to be four carbon atoms that are surrounded by ten hydrogen atoms that are arranged in a straight even line. You can picture this molecule as a four-bodied caterpillar with ten legs. Butane, in its gas form, is actually colorless, so...

    Refinery Economics

    In order to understand refinery economics, you need to understand how crude oil is refined. Crude oil is taken and then refined into useable products like gasoline, in a complex process that has both chemical and physical separations and reactions. It is extremely difficult to separate raw crude oil into insolated molecules for pure products. However, to deal with the problem, engineers and chemists try to isolate compound mixtures of the atoms according to the compound's boiling point range. Now, for a person to understand refinery economics, they first need to understand the functional nature the law of supply...

    Refinery Margins

    The definition of refinery margins is the value of the products produced by a refinery minus the value of the crude oil used to produce these products. As you can imagine, with the daily fluctuating values of crude oil these days, it is making it extremely difficult for refiners to make a fixed percentage profit on each item produced. Some companies rely on a median average price percentage profit, and hope that in the end it would have evened out to the correct percentage they desire. Towards the end of 2008, global refiners were hit heavily as refining margins dived to...

    Refining Calculator

    Refining or affining if you like is the process of purifying a substance or a form. In most cases, refining is done on natural resources which, although they can be used as they are, they'll become more useful when refined into their pure forms. A perfect example is various types of natural petroleum which can burn directly from the ground although the process will be poor hence will be difficult to calculate the different fractions of the petroleum end-products. The process is also known to clog the plant's engine with by-products and residues. The process of refining to reduce ore...

    Refining Coal

    Being a sedimentary organic rock, coal contains around 40-90 per cent of carbon when measured by weight. It is basically formed when ancient animals and plants accumulate in wet peat bogs. Typically, as plants die off in a moist area, they pile up to form a peat. This explains the reason why coal is mostly found in coastal plains or in river deltas. Refining coal is a process that utilizes some coal upgrading technology to get rid of moisture and other pollutants from low-ranking coals e.g. lignite and sub-bituminous coals. Coal refining upgrading technology is a process that alters the...

    Refining Cost

    For a very long time, oil products have formed a major part of our daily lives. As the world became industrialized, oil became a major source of energy used to power our industries. The use of oil and it's by products quickly spread from the industries to our homes in the form of gas and even jellies. As a result of its importance tour daily economic activities, it has become a matter of great importance to every one hence the need to know exactly how this precious fossil fuel comes about and the costs involved. The process through which the oil...

    Refining Cracking

    A refinery can be described as a factory that takes in raw materials and transforms them into thousands of useful products. For instance, a refinery will break down crude oil into different components, which are then refined into new products, or into their pure forms for other uses. All refineries will have to execute three basic steps to come up with the desired end product. Fractional distillation (separation), conversion ( the process of cracking and re-arranging the product's molecules) and lastly treatment. Refining cracking is basically the process of transforming the fractions that come from the distillation towers into new...

    Refining Of Gold

    Refining of gold forms the final stage in gold production, after the mining processes. When gold is mined it is found in veins inside the earth. Gold is also found in placer deposits and is extracted by power shovelling and dredging. Gold is separated from the ore by using several methods. Refining of gold can be done by three processes which are carbon-in-pulp, cyanidation and floatation. Depending on the purity required these methods can be used independently or in a combination. In the floating method the powdered ore is put into a solution which has an agent to create froth,...

    Refining Technology

    There is a rising demand worldwide for petroleum products, more specifically transportation fuels (diesel and gasoline) as well as petrochemical products such as olefins and aromatics. The traditional refining markets are experiencing a relative increase in demand while the rising refining markets are witnessing are very rapid surge. As a result, there has been a sort of 'squeeze' on the existing refineries, which has prompted a new refining technological approach that will optimize the efficiency and improve the output worldwide. In an effort to satisfy the growing needs of clients worldwide, major refining companies are investing hugely on revamping their...

    Refining Titanium

    Titanium is outstandingly strong steel that has a high endurance for corrosion as well as excessive temperatures. This quality makes it an extremely precious metal as most of the new innovations especially in the aviation industry target it. In spite of its outstanding strength, it also happens to be very light in weight hence the growing preference for its use in the aviation industry. As matters stand, the process of refining titanium is proving to be a major hitch. This is mainly because the process costs too much a factor that impact directly on the cost of the finished product....

    San Joaquin Refining

    San Joaquin Refining is an independent company that is in charge of one of three different oil refineries located in Bakersfield, California. The plant was first founded by the company in 1969 and ever since then it has been in operation every day of the year, which is an amazing feat. This oil refining plant has an output ability of 24,300 barrels of crude oil every day, and this is used mainly in the production of heavy naphthenic crude oil. Naphthenic oil is a type of mineral oil that is used in the manufacture of paints, inks, lubricants, adhesives, and several...

    Scrap Gold Refiners

    There are many scrap gold refiners in USA. Scrap is the used parts of gold and the places the scraps are recycled are called scrap gold refiners. When the gold prices are high, scrap is valued more and recycled consistently to make pure gold. Scrap gold refiners normally categorize scrap into seven groups. They are called industrial scraps, hallmarked scrap, clean scrap, lemel, sweeps, and polishing. Industrial scrap is wastage from industrial plating process while hallmarked scrap is taken from jewelry that have quality mark. Clean scraps are the cut outs from gold alloys. Lemel is unclean scraps from jewelry...

    Scrap Refining

    The process of scrap refining is generally known as scrap recycling as well. It is a term commonly used to define overall recyclable materials. However, the scrap is a much more narrow definition of recyclable materials. These scrap materials are left over from any sort of product consumption you could possibly think of. A very common example would be left over parts of a vehicle. These materials can include any supplies used and are disposable. These materials are usually made of metal, aluminum, lead, copper, platinum and so on forth. For this type of waste several companies exist and concentrate...

    Silver Eagle Refining

    Silver Eagle Refining are private oil refiners and manufacturers of different petroleum products in Evanston, WY. The company manufactures gasoline, diesel, Aviation fuel, gel fuels, solid fuels, Benzene, marine fuel, kerosene, Naphtha, and various condensate and distillates. Silver Eagle Refining earns a yearly revenue ranging between $50 to $100 million and has an estimated employee strength of 20 to 49. Silver Eagle Refining was in the news through out 2009. It has a plant in Salt Lake City which produces 12,500 barrels a day, and was shut down due to safety issues. The Chemical Safety Board and the state regulators...

    Silver Refining

    Silver is a soft, white in color, and shiny transition metallic chemical element with the highest electrical conductivity and highest thermal conductivity. Silver occurs naturally in its purest form, in minerals like chlorargyrite and argentite, and also as an alloy of gold and various other metals. Most silver is also produced as a by product of lead, copper, gold, and zinc refining. There are three main methods of zinc refining:- 1. Cupellation method - scrap silver and silver ore is taken through the refining process to detach it from the dross. This method entails heating the ore in a special furnace...

    Smelting Refining

    Smelting refining is the process that is used when metal ores are either crushed, or as a whole are put in very high temperatures and either using the heat process or the heat vapours, will reduce the ore into a liquid that when cooled, forms the hard metals we are used to seeing every day of our lives. The smelting process depends on the metal involved, and the purity of the metals as well. Some metals require a very high heat, while others require a lower heat relatively speaking. The smelting process has come under fire recently due to the high...

    Star Petroleum Refining

    The petroleum industry represents the world's largest exploration process as well as extraction and refining, every year resulting huge volumes of fuel, oil and gasoline also known as petrol. Petroleum is a very important raw material which is continuously contributing to other many industries which produce pharmaceuticals, chemical products, different solvents, pesticides, plastics or fertilizers. As a definition, the petroleum is a mixture of crude oil and natural gas, which was formed in the ground millions of years ago. This raw material is extracted and processed by refineries which convert it into valuable products that most of industries...

    Sulphur Refining

    Sulfur or Sulphur, and sometimes even referred to as brimstone if you like, is a chemical non-metal element which is bright yellow in color when in its solid form. Sulphur mostly occurs as a pure element and as sulfide and sulfate minerals. It is commonly used in fertilizers but also in matches, black gunpowder, fungicides, and insecticides. Being a very essential element, it will be found in two major amino acids: - methionine and cysteine. That said, sulphur refining is done mainly to convert its liquid form into a solid form suitable for marketing and transportation purposes. Note that liquid...

    Water Refining

    Water refining, also known as water filtration, is the cleaning process applied to water to make it safe to drink. This could be a manual filtration, distillation or a chemical filtration or even reverse osmosis procedures. Today our water system is constantly being contaminated by storm runoff, waste from chemical companies, ground pollutants and households. Our water is not as clean as it once was, and water companies are fighting an ever tougher job in trying to treat our water to make it safe to drink. Water companies do not always make huge profits, as water refining is an expensive procedure...

    Western Refining

    Headquartered in El Paso, Texas in the United States of America, Western Refining mainly operates in the Mid-Atlantic and the Southwestern regions of the USA. It owns four major refineries in the USA. They are located in the Western Texas, the NW New Mexico and the east coast Virginia. Its refineries are situated in Texas, Bloomfield, New Mexico, Yorktown and El Paso. All combined, Western Refining refines 235,00 barrels of crude oil per day. Western Refining has more than 700 experienced employees. Its productions include diesel, commercial jet fuel, propane, asphalt and other petroleum products. When producing petroleum products,...

    Zinc Refining

    Zinc, otherwise known as spelter, is a metallic chemical element that is somehow similar in chemical composition to magnesium, since its ion is of the same size as that of magnesium. Sphalerite (Zinc sulfide) is the most common and most exploited zinc ore in the world today. The process of producing zinc entails ore froth flotation, roasting of the ore, and electrowinning - the final process of extracting zinc using an alectrolytic cell to reduce it into refinable form. The process of purifying zinc to make a superior high quality zinc (SHG) is known as simply zinc refining. Once...

    Roughneck Definition

    Roughneck Definition Oil Jobs Canada

    Canada is one of the top 10 oil producing countries. This is because of the discovery of vast amount of deposits of oil sands in the region of Alberta. Canada also has perfected some of the cost effective methods of oil refining and along with the discovery of the massive...

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