Canada Mining Industry
The Canadian mining industry is 6000 years old. Initial mining in Canada started with copper in its Lake Superior region. The first natives of Canada used copper to make tools needed for crafts such as jewelry and fashion that were traded to other tribes. Its main mining industry began in 1600 in New Brunswick with the extraction and exportation of coal.
The Arctic Circle and the three western provinces are the most famous regions in Canada for coal mining. While the plains region and the rocky mountain areas of the west are famous for coal mining, the mining industry of the Canadian Eastern side produces coal from undersea resources and Cape Breton Island. The railway is the main transportation of coal in Canada. The extracted coal from the British Columbian and the Western Alberta mines are transported about 1100 km away either to the ports of the west coast or Thunder Bay, about 2300 km to the east. From there, the extracted coal is transported for shipping to Eastern Ontario or the USA.
Copper mining in Canada is done in British Columbia Quebec, Manitoba and Ontario. From these areas, British Columbia is the most well-known and the largest. After the opening of Noranda Horne mine in 1927, Canada began recycling copper. The main Canadian region famous for copper industry is Flin Flon. A considerable quantity of copper is found in the Atlantic, the Northwest and the Yukon regions. Labrador, Newfoundland and Voisey's Bay produce nickel and cobalt as a byproduct of copper refining.
Alberta, Manitoba, Qu?bec, Newfoundland, Labrador, Ontario and Saskatchewan are famous for exploration of diamond. The Ekati mine in the Northwest Region normally earns around US$500 m per year. The Diavik Mine, established in 2003, also produces the same.
Ontario is the main gold producing area in Canada now. Half of the national stock of Gold is produced in Ontario. Hemlo and Red Lake Area are the well-known gold rich areas in Canadian soil.
Iron Ore is another major mining activity in Canada. While Labrador and Newfoundland are the main regions for iron ore, British Columbia and Qu?bec also come in the line. The Quebec Cartier Mining Co., the Iron Ore Co. of Canada and Wabush Mines are now the important companies engaged in iron ore mining in Canada.
Other major mining include Nickel, oil sands and Uranium. The Manitoba Thompson Nickel Belt and the Ungava Peninsula of Qu?bec are in the Nickel Mining industry.
About 140,000 sq. km. of North Eastern Alberta is famous for Oil Sands.
The Canada's Uranium Production and Nuclear Power is the number one uranium producer in Canada now. One third of global uranium production comes out from Canada and over 1,000 Canadians are employed in uranium mining at present.
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