Mining Of Iron Ore
Iron ores are rocks and minerals which yield metallic iron on extraction. Iron is found in numerous forms like magnetite, siderite, goethite, limonite etc. Steel is made from a raw material called Pig Iron. Pig Iron is also made from Iron Ore.
Mining of Iron depends and varies according to the type of ore which is being mined.
The most frequently used metal is Iron which is largely used for the construction of bridges, electrical towers, naval ships, automobiles, industrial structures and production of machineries. Rocks rich in iron are very easily available all around the globe. The main restriction to finances for iron ore deposits is not essential but the grade and the proportion of the composition are very important. The main limitation is the situation of the iron ore related to market and the cost of the project
The average production of raw ore is more than 1 billion Metric ton annually. Today Brazil is the world's leading producer of iron ore, and China the largest consumer of iron ore and is declared to be the world's major producer of steel. China combined Korea, and Japan guzzle a major quantity of raw iron ore followed with metallurgical coal. Year 2006, China experienced more than 550 million tons of iron ore, with an yearly development of approximately 40%.The statistic of iron ore treasure of India is more than 9500 million tones of hematite and approximately 3500 million tones of magnetite. The principle iron producing states in India are Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south of India, Bihar and Rajasthan in the north, Orissa in East and Goa and Maharashtra in the West. Every year the average consumption of iron ore hikes around 10%. Mainly by Japan Europe, USA, China and Korea.
The term smelting is a process of extracting metallurgy; it is mainly used to manufacture metal from ore, including iron deposits from iron ore and copper extraction and various metals from their ores. This process uses heat and a chemical sinking agent, normally a fuel that is a cause of carbon, or in ancient days charcoal, to change the oxidation position of the metal ore. The derived carbon monoxide or carbon ousts out oxygen from its ore resulting finally to metal. Hence carbon is oxidized, resulting carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. Most commonly it is necessary to use flux as the majority of ores are impure.
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