In today's world, most items are intensely compromised of metals. Let us try to imagine a world where metals did not exist. I don't know about you, but it is far too difficult for me to imagine. Things like cars, elevators, lamps, coins, bridges, trains, and so on forth would not exist. Our technological advancing opportunities would indeed be extremely limited. Every day, every thing you use contains some sort of metal. All this metal, where does it come from? There are many methods of extracting metal, but all of them are quite detailed and time consuming. Altogether, this act of extracting and refining metals is referred to as metallurgy. However, let us get a closer look at one particular refining method used under the family of metallurgy. The refining process we are going to pay particular attention to is the electrolytic refining process. Let us attempt to understand the electrolytic process, how it works and its two basic types of equipment based methods used.
The electrolytic refining process is a method primarily used to refine metals through electrolysis. So metals such as copper, zins, tin, palladium, gold and silver are bathed in order to change their chemical structures into the different desired possible ions. What happens is first a block of metal is turned into an anode. Following that, a thin strip of that very metal is turned into a cathode. An electric current is then passed through the anode block of metal, this electrical current consists of ions. The electrical current, with the exact number of ions used in the anode are then passed through the cathode, which is the thin strip of the particular metal being used. This helps separate the pure metal from all other metals combined within it. This is also known as a silver recovery technology. It requires a lot of specified attention and detail over the density and ion structure within the process. Under and over production must be avoided at all costs. All numbers must be precise and exact during the electrolytic refining process.
As mentioned afore, there are two basic types of equipment based methods used in the electrolytic refining process. The first method is where the cathode is rotated in the solution over and over again, well the desired amount of times necessary. The second method consists of taking the solution and pumping it around the cathode. So it is either the cathode is revolving around the solution or the solution revolving around the cathode. Both methods are equally competent. Both recover the maximum silver required and intended to extract.
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