Placer Gold Mining
Placer mining is a one of the mining techniques used to mine gold. This manual kind of technique employs tactics of sorting gold with wide pans which are used in sorting process. These pans are usually wide and shallow. The process involves the filling of the pans with gravel or sand that contains the gold. The pan is then submerged in water and shaken. This will sort gold from the gravel. This technique takes advantage of the density of gold which is much denser than the gravel, the shaking settles gold at the bottom of the pan. Gravel or sand is normally scooped from river beds and these are not just any river beds but those that are known to have gold deposits in them.
The name of this mining technique is the same as the gold produced. This gold found on the river beds are referred to as place deposits. Gold placer mining is an old technique used in search of placer gold and it is a very cheap way to extracting gold, however this method is not viable for large extraction of gold.
A metal detector can also be used to tell where gold deposit may be placed. The scan reading from this detectors will give reading on depth and the quantity of gold. The use of sluice box is a common practice for placer miners - a sluice box is a man made box that takes advantage of water ripple effects and that of gold being denser than any other particle in the river bed. The sluice box will trap gold in its suspension area. Bulk commercial placer miners will employ screening plants to remove gravel deposits before using sluice box to capture placer gold.
Placer gold mining is very much utilized by small scale gold producers as placer mining is cheap and does not require dozens of equipments to perform extraction of gold.
For those interested in large deposits of the placer deposit may use different ways for mass production. The use of sluice box can become very handy in this activity.
Placer mining companies will be governed by the laws of the mining act, failure of any company to comply with these laws will work to the disadvantage of the company. Health and safety measures policies should also be observed in by these mining companies. Market for the gold deposit is readily available, however one must have proper license to deal in this industry and failure to this can land an individual into lawsuits.
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